Want to find out more about what it’s like to be pregnant and give birth?
Hi, I’m Nivi. I’m a chatbot here to give you the facts about pregnancy and having a healthy baby. You can chat with me 24/7. It’s free, safe and private.
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Facts, not Myths
Nivi is like your cool Auntie who has all the answers and doesn't judge you. Nivi gives you the facts so you can decide what's best for you.
Tell Nivi your age, sex and where you live to get personal recommendations. Nivi can help you find an obstetrician or clinic that’s right for you.
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You should visit a clinic at least 8 times during pregnancy. Nivi can help you find a clinic near you to get obgyn care safely and privately when you need it.
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Swollen Feet, Swollen Legs, Swelling and Oedema
“Oedema” is the medical word for swelling. It is normal to have swollen ankles, feet, legs or fingers when you are pregnant.
But if your swelling happens suddenly and you have:
a very bad headache
sudden vision problems
severe chest pain
You should go to the clinic right away.
If your swelling happens slowly over time, it’s not harmful, but it can be uncomfortable.
To avoid oedema, try these:
Don’t stand for long periods of time
Wear comfortable shoes and socks
Rest with your feet up
Drink lots of water
Do you have more questions about swollen ankles, feet and legs? Ask Nivi 24/7 on WhatsApp.
Stages of Labour and Childbirth
Labour is your body’s process of giving birth.
Signs that labour is starting include:
The mucus plug from your cervix passing. This is called ‘show’ and may be bloody, pink, or clear
Your back aching
An urge to go to the toilet caused by your baby’s head pressing on your bowel. Your poops will be watery within a day or two of the start of labour
Your waters breaking
This early labour stage might take awhile. You’re ready to give birth when your contractions are strong, happen regularly and are at least 1 minute long, every 5 minutes.
You may have heard about false contractions, or Braxton Hicks contractions. There is an important difference between these and true labour contractions. True contractions continue even if you relax or change the position of your body.
Ask Nivi more about labour and birth. Chat 24/7 on WhatsApp.
Ob-gyns — Gynaecologists and Obstetricians
Ob-gyn is short for obstetrician-gynaecologist. It is a doctor who specializes in women’s health.
As a woman, your ob-gyn can help with some of your most critical health issues. These include menstruation, contraception and childbirth.
When you are pregnant, it is very important to have a clinic near you to visit regularly. You should have at least 8 visits during your pregnancy. You can meet with an ob-gyn or a nurse with experience in pregnancy.
If you have more questions, you can ask Nivi about birth control pills. Chat 24/7 on WhatsApp.
Birth Problems — Episiotomy, Miscarriage and Cesarean Sections
During birth, a doctor may need to cut between the vagina and anus to widen the opening of the vagina. This can help the baby pass through with less difficulty.
In some births, an episiotomy can prevent tearing or help give birth more quickly if there is a problem.
If a doctor thinks an episiotomy should be done when you are giving birth, they should discuss it with you.
A miscarriage is a loss of pregnancy.
How do you know if you are having a miscarriage? The main sign is bleeding from your vagina.You should contact a clinic if you have this kind of bleeding. You may also have cramps and pain in your belly.
But if you have light bleeding during the first 3 months of pregancy, it could be normal.
There are many causes for a miscarriage. Usually the reason is never known. Most of the time it is not caused by anything the mother does.
Most women who have a miscarriage have only one. Later they can get pregnant again.
Also called a C-section, this is a surgery that helps your baby come out through a cut made through the belly, instead of through the vagina.
A caesarean should only be done if a vaginal birth is too risky. This may be because:
Your baby is in a feet-first instead of head-first position
You have high blood pressure
You have a certain type of infection
Your baby needs to be delivered right away
Your labour is going too slowly or your vagina is bleeding too much
Questions about birth problems? Chat with Nivi 24/7 on WhatsApp.
Hospital Birth, Clinic Birth and Home Birth
Should you give birth in a hospital or clinic? Or should you give birth at home?
The safest place to give birth is in hospital or at a clinic. If you need medical treatment during labour or childbirth, you’ll be able to get it safely.
You should find a hospital or clinic near you to visit during pregnancy at least 8 times. This is to make sure your pregnancy is going well.
When you start labour, you can give birth at your regular hospital or clinic. They know your situation and can give you the care you need.
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How to Know if You Are Pregnant
If you have a regular monthly period and you miss it, that’s the most dependable signal you’re pregnant. It’s also the earliest.
You may continue to bleed while pregnant. It may be like a very light period.
Other signs of pregnancy are:
You feel sick or vomit. This is called ‘morning sickness’ and may start when you’re 4 to 6 weeks pregnant.
You feel tired. During the first 3 months it’s common to feel tired. You may also feel especially emotional. This is due to the changes in hormones in your body.
Your breasts may be sore. They may also become larger, feel tender, or tingle. Your nipples may become darker.
You have to pee more often, even during the night. You may also be more constipated.
You have unusual tastes, smells and cravings. You may have a strange taste in your mouth. You may also desire new foods and lose interest in foods you once enjoyed. Your sense of smell may be much more sensitive than before.
You are likely not pregnant if:
Your monthly bleeding started within the last 7 days.
You had a baby in the last 4 weeks.
You had a baby less than 6 months ago, are fully or nearly-fully breastfeeding, and haven't had a monthly bleeding since the birth.
You've abstained from vaginal intercourse since your last monthly bleeding, delivery, abortion, or miscarriage.
You've been using a reliable contraceptive method consistently and correctly since your last monthly bleeding, delivery, abortion, or miscarriage.
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